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Two significant bills that could reshape the oversight of law enforcement in Florida are advancing through the state legislature. One bill, SB 184, would allow police to arrest individuals who are deemed to be harassing a first responder and are within 14 feet of the responder. The second bill, SB 576, would eliminate existing police review boards and prevent the establishment of new ones.


SB 184, championed by Senator Bryan Avila, has cleared its final committee stop. The bill, which would make it illegal to harass to police and other first responders, defines harassment as actions causing “substantial emotional distress.” Avila insists the bill is not intended to hinder the public's right to record or monitor police. However, opponents of the bill, such as the ACLU of Florida, are concerned that the vagueness of what constitutes “emotional distress” opens the potential for the bill to be misused. They also express concerns over the bill's potential to infringe on constitutional rights and silence public scrutiny.


SB 576, sponsored by Senator Blaise Ingoglia, has passed a Senate committee and is stirring debate over its intent to disband civilian review boards that investigate local law enforcement. Ingoglia argues that these boards, often comprised of political appointees without law enforcement expertise, are divisive and undermine internal police investigations. Critics, however, contend that these boards play a crucial role in ensuring police accountability and fostering trust within the community. The bill, if passed, would affect 21 cities, including Miami, Orlando, and Tampa, where such boards currently operate.


The introduction of these bills follows a trend in Florida politics, particularly in the wake of George Floyd's death, which has seen a shift towards limiting public and institutional oversight of police.


As both bills progress towards a vote, they represent a significant shift in Florida's approach to law enforcement oversight, raising questions about the balance between supporting police and ensuring their accountability to the communities they serve.

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